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Big ASA 335th Radio Research Company
Vietnamese Phrase Book
9th Infantry

Home Button Updated: 5 September 1999

Vietnamese Phrase Book

Some 27,000,000 people speak Vietnamese as their first language. The great majority of them live in Vietnam. Others are in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, France, and New Caledonia.

Vietnamese were first written in Chinese characters, then in the late thirteenth century, in a modified form called chu nom. In the early 1600's, Portuguese and Italian Jesuit missionaries devised a system of writing Vietnamese and the Latin alphabet. Chinese characters and chu nom continued in use through the early part of this century but were officially replaced in 1920 by Latin script. This is called quoc ngu and consists of 12 vowels and 27 consonant forms.


LEARN BY LISTENING!

Since Vietnamese is a tonal language, no attempt is made on the pages to spell out the sound of any word or phrase. The best thing to do is GET A VIETNAMESE TO HELP YOU! LISTEN CAREFULLY! Imitate his pronunciation and practice until he is satisfied. Also, there is usually more than one way to say something. If you helper uses different words for some of these phrases, imitate his usage.

1. USEFUL PHRASES

The word you varies in Vietnamese depending on the speaker and the person spoken to. The form used throughout this language guide is ong but it means you only when addressing a man. Depending on the person you are addressing, you should replace ong with one of the following forms:

Ba.....Married woman

Co.....Unmarried woman

Em.....Child (boy or girl), girl friend, wife

Anh....Close male friend; male servant

Chi....Female servant


Hello; goodbye.
How are you?
I'm fine.
Excuse me.
Thank you.
Glad to meet you.
Come in.
Please sit down.
Understand me?
I don't understand.
Please speak slowly.
Chao ong.
Ong manh khong?
Toi manh.
Xin loi ong.
Cam on ong.
Han-hanh gap ong.
Moi ong vao.
Moi ong nhoi.
Ong co hieu toi khong?
Toi khong hieu.
Xin ong noi cham.


2. WHERE IS ___ ?


Where is ___?
a restaurant
Where is a restaurant?
a hotel
Where is a hotel?
railroad station
Where is the railroad station?
a toilet (in a public place)
Where is a toilet?
a bathroom (in a home)
Where is a bathroom?
___ o dau?
tiem an
Tiem an o dau?
khach-san
Khach-san o dau?
ga xe lua
Ga xe lua o dau?
cau tieu
Cau tieu o dau?
nha tam
Nha tam o dau?


3. DIRECTIONS


The answer to your question Where is such and such? May be Go right, or Go left, or Go straight ahead, so you need to know these phrases.

Go right.
Go left.
Go straight ahead.
Re ben phai.
Re ben trai.
Di thang day.

It is sometimes useful to say Please Point.

Please point. Xin chi cho toi.

If you are driving and ask the distance to another town, it will be given to you in kilometers, not miles. One kilometer equals 5/8 of a mile.

Kilometer. Cay so.

4. NUMBERS

You need to know the numbers. The system in Vietnamese is very simple.

One
Two
Three
Four
Five
Six
Seven
Eight
Nine
Ten
Eleven (10+1)
mot
hai
ba
bon
nam
sau
bay
tam
chin
muoi
muoi mot

For twelve, thirteen, etc., you say muoi which means ten, and then add the word for two, three, etc.

Twelve
Thirteen
Fourteen
Fifteen
Sisteen
Seventeen
Eighteen
Nineteen
muoi hai
muoi ba
muoi bon
muoi lam
muoi sau
muoi bay
muoi tam
muoi chin

Note that the word for five-nam, changes to lam when used in combination with numbers such as fifteen, twenty-five, thirty-five, etc.

For twenty you say hai which means two and then add the word for ten, muoi. When combined with numbers such as twenty-one, thirty-one, etc., the word changes to mot.

Twenty
Twenty-one
Twenty-two
Twenty-three
Twenty-four
Twenty-five
Twenty-six
Twenty-seven
Twenty-eight
Twenty-nine
hai muoi
hai muoi mot
hai muoi hai
hai muoi ba
hai muoi bon
hai muoi lam
hai muoi sau
hai muoi bay
hai muoi tam
hai muoi chin

For thirty you say the word for three, ba, and then add the word for ten, muoi. The expression therefore really means three times ten.

Thirty
Thirty-one
Thirty-five
Forty
Forty-five
Fifty
Fifty-five
Sixty
Seventy
Eighty
Ninety
One hundred
One hundred and one
One hundred and two
One hundred and three
ba muoi
ba muoi mot
bon muoi lam
bon muoi
nam muoi lam
nam muoi
nam muoi lam
sau muoi
bay muoi
tam muoi
chin muoi
mot tram
mot tram linh mot
mot tram linh hai
mot tram linh ba

For two hundred you use the the word for two and then add the word for hundred, just as we do in English, etc.

Two hundred
Two hundred and fifty-five
One thousand
hai tram
hai tram nam muoi lam
mot nghin


5. WHAT'S THAT?

When you want to know the name of something, you can say.. What's this? Or What's that? And point to the thing you mean.

Thing
What
This
What's this?
That
What's that?
cai
gi
nay
Cai nay la cai gi?
do
Cai do la cai gi?

6. ASKING FOR THINGS

I
Want
Cigarettes
I want cigarettes.
To eat
I want to eat.
To drink water
I want to drink water.
toi
muon
thuoc la
Toi muon thuoc la.
an com
Toi muon an com.
uong nuoc
Toi muon uong nuoc.

7. TIME

What time is it?
It's five o'clock.
It is five ten.
It is half past five.
It is ten to six.
Yesterday
Today
Tomorrow
This morning.
This afternoon.
This evening.
Yesterday morning.
Yesterday afternoon.
Yesterday evening.
Tomorrow morning.
Tomorrow afternoon.
Tomorrow evening.
At dawn.
At dusk.
At noon.
At midnight.
At night.

Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
May gio roi?
Nam gio.
Nam gio muoi.
Nam gio ruoi.
Sau gio kem muoi.
Hom qua.
Hon nay.
Ngay mai.
Sang nay.
Chieu hom qua.
Toi ngay mai.
Sang hom qua.
Chieu hom qua.
Toi hom qua.
Sang ngay mai.
Chieu ngay mai.
Toi ngay mai.
Luc rang dong.
Luc sam toi.
Luc trua.
Luc nua dem.
Luc ban dem.

Chu nhat
Thu hai
Thu ba
Thu tu
Thu nam
Thu sau
Thu bay

8. SIZE AND WEIGHT

Small
Large
Medium
Long
Short
High
Low
Heavy
Light
How large?
How long?
How heavy?
Nho
Lon
Nho
Dai
Ngan
Cao
Thap
Nang
Nhe
Lon bao nhieu?
Dai bao nhieu?
Nang bao Nhieu?

9. ASKING FOR HELP

Help!
I am lost.
I don't understand.
Please speak slowly.
Please say it again.
Where is a town?
How far is the town?
Please show me.
Please draw me a map.
Which way is north?
I am an American.
I am a friend.
Are there soldiers near here?
Where are they?
Are they our enemies?
Where are Armerican soldiers?
How can I get there?
Take me there.
I am sick.
I am wounded.
Take me to a doctor.
Call a doctor.
Cuu toi voi!
Toi lac duong.
Toi khong hieu.
Xin ong noi cham.
Xinong nhac lai.
Tinh-ly o dau?
Tinh-ly bao xa?
Lam on chi cho toi.
Lam on ve ban do cho toi.
Mat nao phia bac?
Toi la nguoi My.
Toi la ban.
Gan day co linh khong?
Ho o dau?
Ho co phai la dich khong?
Linh My o dau?
Toi co the di den bang cach nao?
Dan toi den do.
Toi on.
Toi bi thuong.
Dua toi den bac-si.
Goi bac-si.

10. WARNINGS

Danger!
Take cover!
Careful!
Down!
Look out!
Nguy-hiem!
Nap-di!
Can-than!
Nam xuong!
Coi chung!

11. COMMANDS

Stop!
Come here!
Hurry!
Move back!
Move out!
Turn around!
Go ahead!
Don't shoot!
Don't move!
Surrender!
Throw down your arms!
Don't try any tricks!
Obey or I'll fire!
Raise your hands!
You will be rewarded!
Silence!
Dress!
Undress!
Lie face down!
Dung lai!
Lai day!
Mau len!
Lui lai!
Di di!
Quay lai!
Tien len!
Dung ban!
Dung dung day!
Dau hang di!
Vut sung xuong!
Dung co gio tro!
Tuan lenh khong toi ban!
Gio tay len!
Ong se duoc thuong!
Dung noi!
Mac vao!
Coi ra!
Nam mat xuong dat!

12. FOOD AND DRINK

I am hungry.
I am thirsty.
I need ___.
I want ___.
Give me ___.
Bring me ___.
Food
Water
Boiled water
Rice (cooked)
Bread
Meat
Beef
Chicken
Mutton
Pork
Fish
Soup
Vegetables
Eggs
Bamboo shoots
Beans
Bean sprouts
Cabbage
Vietnamese noodles
Chinese noodles
Potatoes
Eggplant
Mushrooms
Onions
Water chestnuts
Tomatoes
Fruit
Apples
Bananas
Coconut
Oranges
Papayas
Mangoes
Peppers
Pineapple
String beans
Sweet potatoes
Butter
Sugar
Salt
Black pepper
Soy sauce
Coffee
Beer
Milk
Tea

Please boil it for me.
Please fry it for me.
Please grill it for me.

I like it cooked.
I like it raw.
I like it rare.
I like it well done.
I like it unsalted.
I like it salted.
I like it weak (tea, coffee).
I like it strong (tea, coffee).

Give me a cup.
Give me a fork.
Give me a glass.
Give me a knife.
Give me a plate.
Give me a spoon.
Give me a pair of chopsticks.
Give me cigars.
Give me a pipe.
Give me tobacco.
Give me a box of matches.
Toi doi.
Toi khat.
Toi can ___.
Toi muon ___.
Go toi ___.
Dem cho toi ___.
Do an
Nuoc
Nuoc soi
Com
Banh mi
Thit
Thit bo
Thit ga
Thit cuu
Thit lon
Ca
Sup
Rau
Trung ga
Mang
Dau
Gia
Bap cai
Pho
Mi
Khoai tay
Ca
Nam
Hanh
Ma-thay
Ca chua
hoa qua OR trai cay
tao
chuoi
dua
cam
du-du
xoai
ot
dua OR trai thom
dau dua
khoai
bo
duong
muoi
hat tieu
xi-dau
ca-phe
ruou bia
sua
muoc che

Lam on luoc cho toi.
Lam on ran cho toi.
Lam on muong cho toi.

Toi thich nau.
Toi thich song.
Toi thich tai.
Toi thich that chin.
Toi thich lat.
Toi thich man.
Toi thich loang.
Toi thich dac.

Cho toi mot cai tach.
Cho toi mot cai nia.
Cho toi mot cai ly.
Cho toi mot con dao.
Cho toi mot cai dia.
Cho toi mot cai thia.
Cho toi mot doi dua.
Cho toi xi-ga.
Cho toi cai pip.
Cho toi thuoc la.
Cho toi mot bao diem.

13. LODGING

Where is the hotel?
Where is the hotel?
I want to spend the night.
I want a room.
I need a blanket.
I need a mattress.
I need a mosquito net.
I need a hot water.
I need a comb.
I need a razor.
I need razor blades.
I need a shaving brush.
I need shaving soap.
I need a soap.
I need a towel.
I need a toothbrush.
I need toothpaste.
I need a fan.

Where is the toilet?

I want to sleep.
I want to wash.
I want to take a bath.
I want to lie down.
I want to rest.
I want to have my hair cut.
I want to be shaved.
I want to pay.

Where do they sell handerchiefs?
Where do they sell umbrellas?
Where do they sell shirts?
Where do they sell shoelaces?
Where do they sell shoe polish?
Where do they sell shoes?
Where do they sell undershirts?
Where do they sell undershorts?

Have you buttons?
Have you a needle?
Have you pins?
Have you safety pins?
Have you thread?

I don't have ink.
I don't have paper.
I don't have a pen.
I don't have a pencil.
Khach-san o dau?
Toi muon ngu lai mot dem.
Toi muon thue phong.
Toi can mot cai chan.
Toi can mot cai dem.
Toi can mot cai man.
Toi can mot cai gai.
Toi can muoc nong.
Toi can mot cai luoc.
Toi can dao cao.
Toi can luoi dao cao.
Toi can choi phet xa-bong de cao rau.
Toi can xa-bong cao rau.
Toi can xa-bong.
Toi can mot cai khan mat.
Toi can mot cai ban chai rang.
Toi can kem danh rang.
Toi can mot cai quat.

Cau tieu o dau?

Toi muon ngu.
Toi muon rua.
Toi muon tam.
Toi muon nam.
Toi muon nghi.
Toi muon cat toc.
Toi muon cao rau.
Toi muon tra tien.

O dau ban cai mui-so?
O dau ban cai o?
O dau ban cai so-mi?
O dau ban day giay?
O dau ban kem danh giay?
O dau ban giay?
O dau ban cai ao thun?
O dau ban cai quan dui?

Ong co nut khong?
Ong co mot cai kim khong?
Ong co dinh ghim khong?
Ong co kim bang khong?
Ong co chi khong?

Toi khong co muc.
Toi khong co giay.
Toi khong co cai but may.
Toi khong co cai but chi.

14. MEDICAL AID

Where is a doctor?
Where is a dentist?
Call a doctor.
Quick!
Stop the bleeding!

He is sick.
He is wounded.

My head hurts.
My tooth hurts.
My back hurts.
My stomach hurts.
My arm hurts.
My chest hurts.
My neck hurts.

I am hurt in the eye.
I am hurt in the mouth.
I am hurt in the throat.
I am hurt in the hand.
I am hurt in the leg.
I am hurt in the foot.

Gat a bandage.
Get adhesive tape.
Get aspririn.
Get cotton.
Get a disinfectant.
Get iodine.
Get quinine.
Get a knife.
Get a sedative.

Do not touch.
Do not move me.
Do not move him.
Do not move them.

I have been poisoned.
I have been bitten by a snake.
Cho nao co bac-si?
Cho nao co nha-si?
Goi bac-si.
Mau len!
Cam mau lai!

Ong ay om.
Ong ay bi thuong.

Dau toi dau.
Rang toi dau.
Lung toi dau.
Bung toi dau.
Tay toi dau.
Nguc toi dau.
Co toi dau.

Toi bi thuong o mat.
Toi bi thuong o mieng.
Toi bi thuong o hong.
Toi bi thuong o ban tay.
Toi bi thuong o chan.
Toi bi thuong o ban chan.

Kiem bang.
Kiem bang dan.
Kiem thuoc dau dau.
Kiem bong gon.
Kiem thuoc sat-trung.
Kiem canh-di-dot.
Kiem thuoc ky-ninh.
Kiem mot con dao.
Kiem thuoc an-than.

Dung dung vao toi.
De nguyen toi.
De nguyen ong ay.
De nguyen ho.

Toi bi thuoc doc.
Toi bi ran can.

15. WHERE TO GET IT

Where is a barber?
Where is a dentist?
Where is a doctor?
Where is a mechanic?
Where is a policeman?
Where is a shoemaker?
Where is a tailor?

How far is the drugstore?
How far is the general store?
How far is the laundry?
How far is the market?
How far is the railroad station?
How far is the airfield?
How far is the bus station?
How far is the church?

I want to buy this.
I want to buy that.
I want to buy one of these.
I want to buy a flashlight.
I want to buy batteries.
I want to buy a leather belt.
I want to buy cigarettes.
I want to buy cloth.
I want to buy insect spray.

Where can I get (find) clothes?
Where can I get (find) tools?
Where can I get (find) gasoline?
Where can I get (find) a garage?
Where can I get (find) a telephone?
Where can I get (find) a post office?

I would like to buy a shirt.
I would like to buy shoes.
I would like to buy shoelaces
I would like to buy socks.
I would like to buy a sweater.
Cho nao co tho cao?
Cho nao co nha-si?
Cho nao co bac-si?
Cho nao co tho may?
Cho nao co canh-binh?
Cho nao co tho giay?
Cho nao co tho may?

Tu day den hieu thuoc boa xa?
Tu day den hang tap-hoa boa xa?
Tu day den tho giat boa xa?
Tu day den cho boa xa?
Tu day den ga xe lua boa xa?
Tu day den san bay boa xa?
Tu day den ben xe do boa xa?
Tu day den nha tho boa xa?

Toi muon mua cai nay.
Toi muon mua cai ay.
Toi muon mua mot cai nay.
Toi muon mua mot cai den pin.
Toi muon mua pin. OR Toi muon mua cuc dien tri.
Toi muon mua mot cai that lung da.
Toi muon mua thuoc la.
Toi muon mua vai.
Toi muon mua thuoc tru muoi.

O dau co quan ao?
O dau co do chua xe?
O dau co et-sang?
O dau co ga-ra?
O dau co dien-thoai?
O dau co nha giay thep? OR O dau co nha buu dien?

Toi muon mua mot cai so-mi.
Toi muon mua giay.
Toi muon mua day giay.
Toi muon mua bit-tat.
Toi muon mua mot cai ao len.

16. SERVICES WANTED

Have this washed for me.
Have this pressed for me.
Have this dry cleaned for me.
Have this repaired (clothing) for me.
Have this repaired (machine) for me.

I need a haircut.
I need a shave.
I need a driver.
I need a policeman.
Giat cai nay cho toi.
La cai nay cho toi.
Hap cai nay cho toi.
Mang cai nay cho toi.
Sua cai nay cho toi.

Toi can cat toc.
Toi can cao mat.
Toi can mot nguoi tai-xe.
Toi can mot nguoi canh-binh.

17. PAYMENT

How much (money)?
How much is ___ ?
I will pay you now.
I will pay you later.
This is worth ____ piasters.
Not so much!
That's too much.
Give me back _ in change.

This is not expensive.
This is not cheap.
This is not dirty.
This is not clean.
This is not enough.

This is very expensive.
This is very cheap.
This is very dirty.
This is very clean.
This is very enough.

This is too large.
This is too small.
This is too good.
This is too bad.
This is too many.
This is too cold.
This is too hot.

I will pay ___ piasters.

Will you sell this for ___ piasters?

I want a receipt.
Bao nhieu (tien)?
___ bao nhieu?
Toi gia tien bay gio.
Toi se gia tien sau.
Cai nay gia ___ dong.
Sao dat the!
Dat qua.
Thoi lai toi ___ chu.

Cai nay khong dat.
Cai nay khong re.
Cai nay khong ban.
Cai nay khong sach.
Cai nay khong du.

Cai nay dat lam.
Cai nay re lam.
Cai nay ban lam.
Cai nay sach lam.
Cai nay du lam.

Cai nay to qua.
Cai nay be qua.
Cai nay tot qua.
Cai nay xau qua.
Cai nay nhieu qua.
Cai nay lanh qua.
Cai nay nong qua.

Toi gia ___ dong.

Cai nay ___ dong duoc khong?

Toi muon cai bien-lai.

18. LOCATION

What place is this?
Have you a map?
Show me. Point it out to me.
Can you guide me?
Where is the town?
Where is the police station?
Where is the telephone?
Where is the airport?
Where is the post office?

Is there a river near here?
Is there a bridge near here?
Is there a ferry near here?
Is there a road near here?
Is there a hospital near here?
Is there a house near here?
Is there a railroad near here?
Is there a well near here?

What is the city's name?
Which way is north>

To the left.
To the right.
To the north.
To the northeast.
To the east.
To the southeast.
To the south.
To the southwest.
To the west.
To the northwest.

Here.
There.
Is it far?
Is it very far?
Is it near?

How many kilometers from here to ___ ?
Day la dau?
Co ban do khong?
Chi cho toi xem.
Ong chi duong cho toi nhe?
Tinh-ly o dau?
So canh-sat o dau?
Dien-thoai o dau?
San bay o dau?
Nha giay thep o dau?

Gan day co song khong?
Gan day co cau khong?
Gan day co pha khong?
Gan day co duong di khong?
Gan day co nha thuong khong?
Gan day co nha khong?
Gan day co duong xe lua khong?
Gan day co gieng khong?

Thanh-pho nay ten gi?
Mat nao phia bac?

Phia ben trai.
Phia ben phai.
Phia bac.
Phia dong-bac.
Phia dong.
Phia dong-nam.
Phia nam.
Phia tay-nam.
Phia tay.
Phia tay-bac.

Day.
Do.
Co xa khong?
Co xa lam khong?
Co gan khong?

Tu day den ___ bao nhieu cay so?

19. TRANSPORTATION

Where is the airfield?
Where is the bus station?
Where is the railroad station?
Where is the baggage room?
Where is the ticket office?
I want to go to ___.

What time does the ___ arrive?
What time does the ___ leave?
Bus
Plane
Train
Boat
Car
Truck
Helicopter

A ticket to ___.
What's the fare to ___.
When do I get to ___.
Give me a timetable.
San bay o dau?
Ben xe do o dau?
Ga xe lua o dau?
Cho gui va-li o dau?
Cho ban ve o dau?
Toi muon di ___.

May gio ___ den?
May gio ___ chay?
xe do
may bay
xe lua
tau
xe hoi
xe cam-nhong
phi co truc thang

Mot ve di ___.
Di ___ bao nhieu tien?
May gio den ___?
Cho toi bang gio xe chay.

20. IMPORTANT SIGNS

Stop
Go Slow
Danger
One Way
Military Vehicles
Inquiries
Information
Control Post
Government Vehicles
Hospital
Quiet
Parking
No Parking
No Admittance
Women
Men
No Smoking
No Spitting
Entrance
Exit
Dung-Lai
Cham-Cham
Nguy-Hiem
Duong Mot Chieu
Quan-Xa
Xin Hoi Tuy-Phai
Phong Van-Su
Tram Kiem-Soat
Cong-Xa
Nha Thuong
Yen Lang
Cho Dau Xe
Cam Dau Xe
Cam Vao
Dan Ba
Dan Oong
Cam Hut Thuoc
Cam Khac Nho
Loi Vao
Loi Ra

21. MILITARY TERMS

Booby Trap
Explosives
Flare
Grenade
Guerilla
Helicopter
Jeep
Jet Plane
North Vietnamese
Propeller Plane
Trap
Truck
Pilot
Platoon Leader
Viet Cong
Vietnamese
Chinese
Communist
Enlisted Men
Sergeant
Officers
Bay No
Thuoc No
Hoa Chau
Luu Dan
Quan Du Kich
Phi Co Truc Thang
Xe Dip
Phi Co Phan Luc
Nguoi Bac Viet
Phi Co Canh Quat
Bay
Xe Cam-nhong
Phi Cong
Trung Doi Truong
Viet Cong
Nguoi Viet Nam
Nguoi Trung Hoa
Cong San
Binh Si
Trung Si
Si Quan

Armed Forces of the RVN

Regular Forces
Regional Forces
Popular Forces
Army
Navy
Air Force
Marine Corps
Chu hic quan
Dia phuong quan
Nghia quan
Luc quan
Hai quan
Khong quan
Thuy quan luc chien

Branches of the Army

Intantry
Artillery
Engineer
Medical
Bo Binh
Phoa Binh
Cong Binh
Quan y

Military Units

Squad
Platoon
Company
Battalion
Regiment
Tieu Doi
Trung Doi
Dai Doi
Tieu Doan
Trung Doan

Weapons

Pistol
Rifle
Automatic rifle
Carbine
Mortar
Recoiless rifle
Gun, Cannon
A-A Artillery gun
Howitzer
Sung Luc OR Sung Sau
Sung Truong
Trung Lien
Cac-bin
Sung Coi OR Mooc Che
Sung Khong Giat
Dai Bac
Dai Bac Phong Khong OR Sung Cao-xa
Dai Bac Ngan Nong

Entering a Village

This village is surrounded.
Bring the village chief.
How many VC are there?
Where are the weapons hidden?
Where are the tunnels?
Where are the booby traps?
Come outside.
Enter first.
When was the attack?
How many villagers were killed?
How many V.C. were killed?
Is this trail safe?
Lang nay bi bao vay.
Dan xa truong.
Co bao nhieu Viet Cong?
Nhung sung giau o dau?
Nhung duong ham o dau?
Nhung bay no o dau?
Ra ngaoi.
Vao truoc.
Tan cong xay ra bao gid?
Bao nhieu ngudi lang bi chet?
Bao nhieu Viet Cong bi chet?
Duong mon nay co nguy hiem khong?